Let's meet platelet rich plasma
Plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) is a product with great advantages and many uses. Among its current indications is the treatment of alopecia and skin aging.
One of its main advantages is that it is a product obtained from the patient himself, so it does not cause allergy or rejection problems. In addition, it does not require prior tests, only the dermatological assessment of the patient (medical history and physical examination with clinical imaging).
What is the biostimulation treatment with PRP?
Plasma rico en plaquetas
is obtained in a similar way to a normal analysis. It is an outpatient treatment and does not require admission. You have to draw a little blood (20 cc) and then place it in a machine (centrifuge) that is responsible for separating the blood into several parts. One of them will be the PRP, which we will take, to use very fine needles to infiltrate the area of the skin or scalp that we want to treat. The only thing added to PRP is a calcium compound to activate platelets and release growth factors, which are
the key elements of treatment.
It is a minimally painful technique and with it very good results are achieved. Platelet-rich plasma contains abundant growth factors, they are substances that help to generate new blood vessels in the area that we infiltrate, reaching more nutrients to it and that help us to increase the proliferation of cells and fibers, including some as interesting and known as collagen and elastin, which give consistency to the skin.
In the case of infiltration of the scalp for the treatment of alopecia, the appearance of new hair is achieved and the thickness of the existing one is increased. All this is perceived as an increase in capillary density.
In the case of infiltration of the skin (face or neckline) for the treatment of photo or chrono-aging, it is possible to increase elasticity, decrease flaccidity, increase luminosity and reduce
As a complication of the technique, a small bruise may appear in the area of the infiltration, especially in the area around the eyes. To prevent this, if we treat the face area, a cream with vitamin K and sunscreen should be used in the treated area.
What is the pre-treatment assessment?
Before undergoing this treatment a medical evaluation is required. The personal history of the patient should always be evaluated, especially those diseases and / or medications that may interfere, such as antiplatelet drugs or anticoagulants that increase the risk of bruising.
In the case of alopecia, the degree and type of alopecia must be assessed, since not all alopecia is the same and, therefore, they do not require the same treatment. Treatment with PRP has proven useful for the treatment of both male and female androgenetic alopecia. In other types of alopecia, there is still no evidence to promote its use. In addition, a basic medical treatment should be established, with minoxidil and / or antiandrogens to achieve the maximum efficacy of the treatment and a correct
maintenance of the effects over time.
In the case of using it as an anti-aging treatment, it is necessary to assess the type of wrinkles, location, perspectives of the patient, previous treatments and home treatments. It can be combined with other anti-aging techniques (hyaluronic acid fillers or botulinum toxin).
There are no age limits to undergo this treatment. As anti-aging treatment, it is not appropriate to perform it in patients under 30 years of age.