Understanding the different types of home surveillance cameras by marketing classic | homify

The surveillance cameras you choose have a significant impact on the effectiveness of your home security system. Often, homeowners find it challenging to identify the best cam to meet their security needs. This is mostly due to the abundance of choices in the market.The two most significant differentiating factors for security cams is their area of use (outdoors or indoors) and design (wired or wireless). That said, here are the most popular types of surveillance cameras in the market. 

Bullet Cameras

Bullet cameras draw their name from their long cylindrical shape that almost resembles a bullet. They are the most common type of surveillance camera and are mostly used in outdoor locations.  The unique shape of bullet cameras makes them easy to recognize. As a result, they are an excellent deterrent for would-be burglars. They also have a wide field of view, uniquely if they are placed at a downward-facing angle.  On the downside, the conspicuousness of bullet cameras makes them vulnerable to vandalism. Also, their cylindrical shape means that their field of view is limited to one direction. This means that you might require multiple cameras, especially in corners. 

Dome Cameras

Dome cameras also draw their name from their shape, which resembles a dome. These cameras are more discreet than bullet cameras and are primarily used n door locations. The most significant advantage of dome cameras is their wide viewing angle. This attribute is mainly as a result of their shape. Besides, this shape also makes dome cameras less vulnerable to vandalism and ideal for mounting on walls and ceilings, which is why they are also known as ceiling cameras.

Pan, Tilt, and Zoom (PTZ) Cameras

As the name suggests, the PTZ camera has mechanical controls that enable the user to pan, tilt, and zoom the camera. The camera comes with a joystick that allows you to controls its movement. It also has a command that returns the camera to the default position.With PTZ camera, you can adjust the field of view to focus on various areas of interest.  This enables you to focus on wide area and zoom on a particular object to a more excellent detail.However, PTZ cameras can be susceptible to vandalism due to their large size. 

Wireless IP Cameras

Wireless IP cameras capture still images and videos and relay them directly to cloud-based servers over internet protocol (IP) or Wi-Fi networks. They are relatively easy to install and eliminate the need for cabling when you add them to your home security system.  Another advantage of wireless IP cameras is they support swiveling and tilting to maximize the field of view. You can easily add them to an existing security system, as they do not require any wiring. Most IP cameras have high-quality lenses that shoot crystal clear images, even in poorly-lit environments.Similar to other wireless systems, the biggest concern with IP cameras is their vulnerability to hacking. You also have to recharge the battery frequently, and it will eventually need replacement.

4G LTE Cameras

4G LTE security cameras run on 4G data with an inbuilt SIM card, which is why they also called cellular cameras. This means that the camera can work anywhere, provided there is a strong network reception and the SIM Card has adequate data. Therefore, the cellular camera is ideal if you are on the go. 4G LTE cameras have many advantages, including weatherproof capabilities, which makes it suitable for outdoor use. They are compatible with solar panels, and a single charge can power the cameras for at least four months. Even better, they can record high-quality videos, with a maximum resolution of 1080p (Full HD).The only disadvantage of cellular cameras is that they are ineffective in areas without 4G connectivity. 


These are the most popular types of surveillance cameras available in the market. It is worth noting that different models have additional features such as night-vision, motion sensors, and zooming lens, and so on. You should choose the option that deems fit to meet your security needs. Keep in mind that home security systems might require a combination of two or more different types of cameras. If you have difficulties, do not hesitate to seek professional help.

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