The joiner is the professional responsible for the construction of wooden pieces, such as furniture, doors, windows, fireplaces, railings, trusses, handrails, among others. In the past, the work of a joiner was all done by hand, but over time the use of technology became important. Machinery and computer programs have helped to diversify and improve manufactured products and to produce more. These professionals, in addition to manufacturing objects, decorations and structural elements for houses, can also participate in the production of stores and commercial spaces for which they create shelves, exhibitors, gondolas or counters.
As far as training is concerned, joiners start apprenticeships in workshops and may later work in those workshops, set up on their own or work for a construction company. At the same time, they can and should enhance their curriculum through courses related to the area, such as Furniture Conservation and Restoration or Furniture Design. The more qualified a joiner is, the more he will stand out among his peers.
The joiner works the wood in a lighter, more precise and ornamental way than the carpenter. Unlike the carpenter, who uses raw wood, the joiner uses noble wood. As mentioned above, joiners are in high demand for the manufacture of home elements. Now, these elements are produced by the joiner but later installed by the carpenters at the worksite. The carpenter's work is more industrial and heavy, which requires the professional, physical strength. However, he must also have numerical and scientific notions to make calculations, take measurements and know how to read the graphical representations of the buildings that will intervene.
How to choose the right wood to make furniture or any other item?
A joiner, by his experience and knowledge, can obviously help you choose the right wood for the manufacture of furniture or another piece. Almost all of us know the names of the most famous woods, but perhaps we do not know them, nor what characteristics they have.
If you want to have a piece of furniture made, one of the starting points for choosing wood is to consider the furniture you already have, their colours and the types of wood they are made of. The wood of the new furniture does not necessarily have to be the same, but it should be harmonised with the wood of your furniture, so as not to clash together. On the other hand, if you created a piece that creates contrast or is painted, you have more freedom of choice.
Above all, it is important to choose quality wood so as not to compromise the durability of the furniture.
The following woods are some of the best and most popular:
Oak: It is a sturdy, dense and beautiful wood. It can be found in very light brown or a reddish hue, the latter being slightly heavier. It is often used in construction, furniture making and everyday objects such as kitchen boards.
Cedar: Cedar is an extremely elegant wood. It is durable and easy to maintain. It is often used in floors, carvings, furniture, doors, frames, among other things. In fact, it is very versatile in its use. It has an enveloping reddish-brown tone.
Walnut: Refined and expensive, walnut is an excellent choice for the manufacture of furniture. It is characterised by its rich chocolate or reddish tone and the surface on which the tree's growth rings stand out. It is a harder wood to work - because it is not so light - which can lead to the joiner covering more.
Mahogany: Mahogany is, like walnut, an expensive wood. Incidentally, mahogany furniture is among the most expensive in the world. The color may range from brown at medium intensity to reddish-brown. On the Janka hardness scale , it is rated 6, in a range from 1 to 10. Working with tools and machines is therefore not very difficult. What's more, it is a flexible wood.
Cherry: It has a deep shade of deep red and a noticeable grain. It is dense and resistant, so it rarely scratches or dents.
Now that you know the characteristics of some woods better, you can make a more informed choice. Be open, however, to the joiner advice.
Creativity: These professionals have a keen artistic vein. When it comes to making a piece of wood that has a real impact on the decoration, it is to a joiner that the work must be entrusted.
Quality: Creativity is allied with quality. Not disregarding the pieces that are sold, massively, on large commercial surfaces, a piece made exclusively for you, by a professional with attention to detail, will have another quality.
Experience: A joiner with a few years of experience and good qualifications can advise you, as already mentioned, on the choice of wood. What's more, you'll work quickly and effectively and know the best solutions for any unforeseen issues that may arise.
Cost: Asking someone inexperienced to make a piece of furniture for you or carrying out a DIY project can cost you even more if the piece is poorly made. Trust the task to those who know and who already have the tools and machinery. Remember, moreover, that the joiner can help you choose the best wood within your budget.
Budget: Ask for at least three budgets. If you choose the first proposal you receive, you risk spending more money unnecessarily. This does not mean that you should choose the joiner who offers you the lowest price. Carefully review all budgets to understand what the proposal that each professional presented to you covers. A joiner may charge a little more but offer a more comprehensive service, for example.
Referrals: Look for feedback left by former customers. If your carpentry shop has pages on social networks, you'll easily find a section devoted only to review by people who have already used the service.
Portfolio: You should not hire a joiner without first consulting the portfolio and / or viewing live furniture and all other items the professional has produced.