The tiler is the professional responsible for covering surfaces, both indoors and outdoors (bathrooms, kitchens, stairs, terraces, facades, swimming pools…). Several types of materials can be used like ceramics, porcelain, stone, stoneware, sandstone, marble, glass, granite, slate, etc.
First of all, the tile prepares the surface to be coated. It measures, calculates and marks very precisely to ensure the perfect alignment of the tiles. The professional can put a cement and sand mortar (screed), used to regularize and apply the subfloor.
After that, the specialist will be tiling, which can be performed by different techniques (traditional mortar or cement-glue), according to the type of coating and the result.
Finally, 48 to 72 hours later, the tile can seal. An important process to prevent moisture stains. These products are recommended for grouting porcelain, ceramic and natural stone tiles.
Mortar is indispensable for any construction. The mixture of water, cement and sand is able to join materials, waterproof and level the surfaces. But, in fact, there is an ideal mortar for every type of work. If you do not choose the good one, the result may fall short and you may lose everything, as the tiles may fall, peel off or become hollow.
Let's look at the various types of mortars:
Mortar for laying: used to join bricks and blocks in masonry services.
Waterproofing mortar: protects walls and ceilings by waterproofing them.
Coating Mortar: applied over newly built surfaces such as walls and / or ceilings. In this case, the mortar has the function of covering, protecting and levelling the structure. In this step, 2 to 3 layers are required, which fulfil different roles.
Adhesive mortars ( AC-I, AC-II and AC-III): are composed of cement + sand + additives. What changes from one to another is the cement consumption and the amount of additives that promote adherence and water retention (AC-I
Later you may have to reapply mortar on the tile to improve the look of your floor or wall. This process is simple and can be done in a very short time. The only thing that can take longer is the hardening of the mortar.
Here's how to do it:
Step 1: If the mortar joints are larger than 0.3175 cm, use the sand mortar to fill in the spaces; If joints are smaller than 0.3175 cm, prefer a grout without sand to fill in the gaps as it is more compact.
Step 2: Remove the existing mortar. This will make the appearance clean and even and prevent moisture stains.
Step 3: Apply the tile sealer, if they are porous, will help not sink the mortar. Use a roller or simply wipe the tiles with a layer of sealant and allow to dry for 24 hours.
Step 4: Apply a generous amount of mortar to the tile joints using a trowel. Be sure to distribute the mortar on the joints to completely fill them.
Step 5: Remove excess grout from the tile after all joints are filled.
Step 6: Wipe off with a damp sponge. Repeat the process until there is no more mortar residue on the tiles.
To calculate the number of tiles you need, you must measure the dimensions of the area you want to cover as well as calculate the number of tiles you will need. To the result obtained should always add 2% to 5% of the total for leftovers. It is always necessary to buy extra tiles for future repairs or in case of breakages at the time of application.
Whereas it intends to cover with tiles of 15 cm x 15 cm - most recurrent measure - a wall 4.5 m long and 3 m high.
In this case, you need 30 lengthwise tiles (450 cm: 15 cm = 30) and 20 tiles in the height direction (300 cm: 15 cm = 20). Therefore, the total of tiles will be:
To coat the surface: 30 x 20 = 600.
For leftovers: 5% of 600 = 30.
Total tiles: 630 units.
To the result obtained, for a regular surface, it is necessary to add a certain number for finishes, such as angles, top, etc. In addition, it should add to the total tiles calculated about half a dozen, to replace parts.
It is difficult to give you a specific price because the cost will depend on several criteria, which will be evaluated by the contracted tiler. The area, working hours, material type or quantity of parts required are some of the factors taken into account in the budget.
There are several reasons that lead us to look for a tiler from our area of residence, the main ones being:
There are several ways to find a professional in the field of construction or decoration, with homify being one of the safest and most effective sources. On our website, we have a number of tiling contacts, including those from the Leicester region. You can consult freely and freely the various projects as well and see which ones best suit your needs. You can even take advantage of this research moment to get some inspiration in choosing the flooring for your floor or walls. Do not hesitate to register with homify, to always be aware of our news and get closer to our professionals.